I fought South African apartheid. I see the same brutal policies in Israel
Originally published in The Guardian April 2019 (slightly amended 26 April 2020)
• Ronnie Kasrils was a leading member of the African National Congress during the apartheid era and former government minister
‘Benjamin Netanyahu said recently: ‘Israel is not a state of all its citizens … Israel is the nation state of the Jewish people – and them alone.’ Photograph: Amir Levy/Getty Images
As a Jewish South African anti-apartheid activist I look with horror on the far-right shift in Israel evidenced in the choices of the electorate, apart from the Arab List, and the machinations of its coterie of Zionist leaders.
Israel’s repression of Palestinian citizens, African refugees and Palestinians in the occupied West Bank and Gaza has become more brutal over time. Ethnic cleansing, land seizure, home demolition, military occupation, bombing of Gaza and international law violations led Archbishop Tutu to declare that the treatment of Palestinians reminded him of apartheid, only worse.
How disgraceful that, despite the lessons of South Africa’s liberation struggle against racism, which Ben Gurion and Shimon Peres once claimed to support – if superficially - at least up to the early 1960s, Israel’s racist practices and intolerance has grown and continues to this day. I’m also deeply disturbed that critics of Israel’s brutal policies are frequently threatened with repression of their freedom of speech, a reality I’ve experienced first hand such as at a public meeting in Vienna where I was scheduled to speak in support of Palestinian freedom, as part of the global Israeli Apartheid Week in 2019. This was cancelled by the museum hosting the event – under pressure from Vienna’s city council, which opposes the international movement to divest from Israel. Such gagging of activists speaking up for Palestinian rights has become all too common in Europe and the USA. South Africa’s apartheid government banned me for life from attending meetings. Nothing I said could be published because I stood up against apartheid. How disgraceful that, despite the lessons of our struggle against racism, such intolerance continues to this day, stifling free speech on Palestine.
During the South African struggle, we were accused of following a communist agenda, but smears didn’t deflect us. Today, Israel’s propaganda follows a similar route, repeated by its supporters – conflating opposition to Israel with antisemitism. This must be resisted.
A growing number of Jews worldwide are taking positions opposing Israel’s policies. Many younger Jews are supporting the Palestinian-led Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement, a peaceful mobilisation inspired by the movement that helped to end apartheid in South Africa.
The parallels with South Africa are many. The Israeli prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, recently said: “Israel is not a state of all its citizens … Israel is the nation state of the Jewish people – and them alone.”
Similar racist utterances were common in apartheid South Africa. We argued that a just peace could be reached, and that white people would find security only in a unitary, non-racist, democratic society after ending the oppression of black South Africans and providing freedom and equality for all.
By contrast, Netanyahu’s Likud desperately courts extremist parties and abandons any pretext of negotiating with the Palestinians. His plan following the inconclusive 2019 elections was to bring an extremist settler party and Kahanist terrorist party into a coalition. Ultimately he has done a deal after the March 2020 national elections with his most serious rival and fellow war-monger, of the Blue and White party, retired general, Benny Ganz accused of war crimes in Gaza. As long as Israel maintains repressive apartheid-like militarist regimes, things will only worsen for Palestinians and Israelis too.
The anti-apartheid movement grew over three decades, in concert with the liberation struggle of South Africa’s people, to make a decisive difference in toppling the racist regime. Europeans refused to buy apartheid fruit; there were sports boycotts; dockworkers from Liverpool to Melbourne refused to handle South African cargo; an academic boycott turned universities into apartheid-free zones; and arms sanctions helped to shift the balance against South Africa’s military.
As the movement developed and UN resolutions isolated Pretoria’s regime, pressure mounted on trading partners and supportive governments. The US Congress’s historic adoption of the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act (1986) was a major turning point. When the Chase and Barclays banks closed in South Africa and withdrew their lines of credit, the battle was well-nigh over.
This required huge organisational effort, grassroots mobilisation and education. Similar elements characterise today’s BDS movement to isolate apartheid-like Israel.
Every step is important – pressing institutions and corporations that are complicit in Israel’s crimes and supporting Palestinians in their struggle for liberation. This is not about destroying Israel and its people but about working for a just solution, as we did in South Africa.
It is the duty of supporters of justice worldwide to mobilise in solidarity with Palestinians to help usher in an era of freedom.
• Ronnie Kasrils is a former South African government minister and was a leading member of the African National Congress during the apartheid